Date: 6 months ago   Category: Science

Serial killers. The biggest organisms of the planet


Honey agarics, the killing trees, and colony of poplars which perishes because of deer. As there live the biggest organisms on Earth. The biggest organism on the planet called the Michigan honey agaric which occupies the space in 37 hectares and weighs more than 400 tons. Earlier the superiority was given to a blue whale. At the same time the heaviest organism on Earth is the klonalny colony of poplars which as scientists have said the day before, perishes because of deer. Корреспондент.net tells details. The biggest organism On this week of media, referring to article of the mycologist Met Tauba on bioRxiv, have reported that the Michigan honey agaric of visors has taken away a rank of the biggest organism on the planet from a blue whale. The hat on a leg is only a small part of a mushroom - a fruit body in which disputes are formed, helping a mushroom to breed. The mushroom is a mycelium, or a mycelium which consists of one thousand thin and thick threads penetrating the soil and the organic chemistry decaying in her. Threads can be very much and many, and they can spread to very big territory. A honey agaric tolstono/wiki In the late eighties on the Top peninsula of Michigan have found years a mycelium of a honey agaric tolstonogy, covering 37 hectares and weighing 440 tons. Researchers from the University of Toronto and Carleton University have decided to be convinced once again, whether precisely all this the same mushroom and how many to it in that case years. In article it is said that a mushroom really same, and his age if to estimate by quantity of mutations in different frequent myceliums, is about 2,5 thousand years. The oldest organism at the same time in August, 2017 it was reported that the largest live organism on Earth is the honey agaric dark which grows in the forest reserve Malur of the American State of Oregon. It was stated in the research of the international group of scientists published in bioRxiv repository. Researchers have found out that this type of honey agarics possesses the specific DNA doing by their "serial killers" of trees that allows mushrooms grow to the huge sizes. Armillaria ostoyae mycelium in Oregon forms not separate congestions, but a uniform organism weighing 600 tons, and occupies the space of 840 hectares that it is much more, than the Michigan honey agaric. The honey agaric dark / OpenMind By estimates of scientists, age of this organism makes more than seven thousand years. To understand what does Armillaria by unique and successful types, biologists have analysed a genome of 22 types of honey agarics, having found out their origin and evolutionary development. It has turned out that significant increase in a genome is characteristic of honey agarics dark that has led to emergence of the specific genes connected with pathogenicity of mushrooms and also promoting formation of rizomorf. Rizomorfa - textures of mushroom threads which take root into trees and transport from them water and nutrients to fruit bodies. They also extend from sick plants, promoting infection of healthy. This parasitizing leads to mass death of trees. Rizomorfa of honey agarics / Kathie Hodge on flickr Slightly it has become clear to a pose that a secret

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