Date: 9 months ago   Category: Science

Monsters of oceans. New opening of biologists


The Australian researchers have for the first time photographed in waters at Antarctica a pink sea cucumber. And second time in general. Sea biologists have for the first time seen a sea cucumber of Enypniastes eximia at coast of Antarctica, and the second time in general. To call him for appearance "the headless chicken monster" or "the Spanish dancer". Scientists say that it is one of the most surprising creations. In recent years biologists have found a big variety of fantastic animals in the Pacific Ocean. Корреспондент.net tells details. The headless monster Today scientists have authentically confirmed existence only of one type of "headless chicken monsters" - Enypniastes eximia or a pink sea cucumber. Presumably, they live worldwide, but still researchers managed to take photographs once this animal - in 2017 in the Gulf of Mexico. He concerns holothurias or sea cucumbers - animals from a class of erinaceouses who live worldwide. Generally they live at the bottom and eat plankton and the organic benthonic remains. Damnation of the seas. Plastic kills millions of animals in case of danger some types shoot in a predator sticky poisonous threads, so-called kyuvyerovy bodies which are attached to lungs of an animal. In total in a class about one thousand types. The oldest fossils of holothurias belong to the Silurian Period, him more than 400 million years. Some species of holothurias are eaten - in the Asian countries they are served fresh or dried with fish and vegetables. Their trade at coast of Japan, China, the Malay Archipelago and in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean is most developed. The toxins produced by holothurias are of interest to pharmacology. Also are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Near Antarctica the pink cucumber was photographed at a depth about three kilometers near the islands of Herd. Researchers never met earlier in these places of similar beings and that it is one of the most surprising creations that they saw, it is told on the website of the Australian Antarctic division. The pink sea cucumber lives at a depth up to five kilometers and keeps closer to a bottom or coral reeves. Thanks to a set of the transparent membranes located at the edges of a trunk they can preoddolet distance to one kilometer in the thickness of water. Food proiskhoddit so: the water pushed by feelers sated with ground deposits from a throat gets into intestines at once, and all superfluous comes to light through a small opening - a foul place which also controls processes of reproduction and breath. The pink sea cucumber breeds in the summer, vymetyvy sexual products in water. Larvae swim in plankton about 10-14 days and then settle on a bottom. A rare whale of a remnezub I Rub for the first time have filmed as protection against predators pink cucumbers apply quite unusual way. They dump the shining skin which, breaking up to small particles, sticks on eyes and the offender's body. Losses of skin in 3-4 days are restored. Strangers from depths last year National

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