Date: 6 months ago   Category: Science

GMOs children and a neutrino from space. Science-2018 results


We sum up the scientific results of year: gene editing, comic beams, breakthrough methods in medicine and disclosure of riddles of the distant past. Scientists in 2018 made many loud discoveries, researches with high potential and the shocking experiments. It is possible to call the expiring year year of rapid development and use of technologies of gene editing. The correspondent.net to a rasskazyvata about the most important discoveries of 2018. The new way of RNA sequencing the Embryo of fish of Danio-rerio / Harvard University is applied To studying of functioning of genes usual RNA sequencing. The method defines and counts different molecules RNA in the site of fabric. It allows to understand activity of synthesis in this or that site of DNA. This technology has requirements to the minimum size of a sample therefore in experiments receive average results from group of cages. But this method does not work if it is about only several cages of an embryo. Games in God and deception of cancer. Who received Nobel-2018 the New RNA Sequencing of Separate Cages method applied to thousands of cages at the same time on the example of development of embryos of a drosophila and a nematode. Scientists learned to sort a live organism on separate cages and to define their RNA sequences, and then to understand from where what cage came and "to collect" the picture back. The authoritative magazine Science called this method the main scientific break of 2018 huge potential in future basic researches and the medical sphere. A huge crater the Deformed particles of quartz / Natural History Museum of Denmark Hiawatha in the northwest of Greenland found the Shock crater under a glacier in Greenland by means of a series of the radar aerial photographs of the area which are carried out in 1997-2016. Diameter of a crater is made by 31 kilometer, depth - about 320 meters. It is covered with a 930-meter ice layer. Theoretical discovery was made by experts from Natural History Museum of Denmark, and then to the place of a find the expedition was sent. The international team of scientists collected samples of rocks for the analysis: microscopic grains of quartz, plagioclases, ilmenite and other minerals. The research of breeds showed that the crater of such size could be created by the meteorite with a diameter about 1.5 kilometers flying with a speed of 20 kilometers per second. Special importance to opening is given by structure of a meteorite. In 92 percent of cases stone meteorites fall to the Ground. This celestial body is the most rare iron meteorite. The exact age of a crater is not established. However its form and degree of an erosion allow to speak about the period is not more senior 50 million years ago. Further scientists plan to determine more precisely the age of a crater to estimate influence of a meteorite on climate of Earth. It could be considerable, at least, for the Northern hemisphere. "Capture" of a neutrino the Scheme of formation of a stream of a neutrino and gamma quanta from blazar / NSF Several international groups of physicists and astronomers told about very rare find - a source of a neutrino of high energy (neutral to a fundama

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