Date: 2 weeks ago   Category: Space

Epoch-making event. The first photo of a black hole


Scientists confirmed Einstein's theory. All history of science will be divided until this picture and the period after it. Astronomers managed to take the first direct pictures of a black hole. This significant event confirms the General theory of relativity of Albert Einstein predicting existence of such objects. The first black hole which was seen by mankind became supermassive коллапсар in the far galaxy of Messier 87 which is in the Maiden's congestion. The object sizes in the photo exceed all Solar system. The correspondent.net tells details. Opening of all life For a startler was appointed to April 10 several scientific press conferences at once - in Brussels, Washington, Santiago-de-Chile, Taipei, Tokyo and Shanghai - in four languages. So important this news to all scientific world. Discussions about a possibility of existence of black holes began in the 18th century and scientists till this day their existence was only theoretical though their existence was recognized practically by all scientists. Pot of gold. Gravitational waves of stars are open the Gravitational field of a black hole has such force that its limits cannot quit even world. Because of influence of their gravitation on nearby objects nobody ever saw actually black holes. Black holes - absolutely dark are also deprived of visible outlines. Huge black holes in the centers of galaxies do not possess impressive dimensions in spite of the fact that substance weighing millions, or even billions times more of the mass of the Sun is put into them. Even more remote for observation these giants become because of the clouds of dust and gas shrouding them. But streams of superhot gas are turned around holes, radiating radio waves with a wavelength about a millimeter which can get into these clouds. The first photos of a black hole: Still black holes were observed by scientists only indirectly, through that impact which these black holes had on galaxies, closest to them, or separate stars. It was supposed that it is directly impossible to watch black holes. But the team of 200 scientists managed it. The ambitious project under the name Event Horizon Telescope used eight telescopes on all planet, having united them in one virtual. Accurate these researchers processed two years. Dark side of the Universe. How many Einstein's theory will live the ENT Team sent telescopes to the place where by their calculations there was a horizon of events of a black hole (border out of which limits no object or radiation can escape). And scientists saw radiation ring around the horizon of events (matter before that moment, as it gets to eternal darkness) called "shadow" of a black hole. For five nights of observations four petabytes of data were collected. If in it there was music in MP3 format, then it it should listen to about eight thousand years. The special algorithm was developed for data processing by the young graduate student of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cathie Bowman. Hard drives with information collected bodies

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