Date: 2 months ago   Category: Science

Eight centuries of history. Notre-Dame


In the first day of the Holy Week on a Gregorian calendar one of the most known Christian temples of the world catastrophically suffered from the fire. Great temple, masterpiece of Gothic art, witness of history and national symbol of France. The fire caused enormous damage to the well-known Notre Dame de Paris. "Notre Dame is our history, it is our literature, it is our figurative system. This place where we endured the greatest moments of our history, from wars and epidemics to releases. It is our history. And it burns", - the president of France Emmanuel Macron said. Couple of bell towers which Victor Hugo immortalized Notre-Dame in the well-known novel managed to be saved, together with an intricate stone facade of the building and stained-glass windows of 12-13 centuries. Notre-Dame is included into ten the most ancient and major Gothic cathedrals of Western Europe. The correspondent.net remembers his history and value. History and value of Notre Dame Notre-Dame - one of symbols not only Paris, but also the European gothic style. It was put in 1163 on the place of more modest by the sizes of the Romance temple and designed to confirm the French capital as about one of the centers of the western Christianity. Construction continued up to the 14th century. As the main architects of cathedral are considered Jean de Chel (worked in cathedral from 1250 to 1265) and Pierre de Montreille (from 1250 to 1267). Height of cathedral - 35 meters, length - 130 meters, width - 48 meters, height of bell towers - 69 meters. Getty the Spire over a cross aisle of cathedral was originally built in the 13th century at the time of blossoming of the French gothic style. It is one of the first spires in the history of great cathedrals of Europe which was designed to reflect the main idea of Gothic temple architecture, ardent aspiration up. In 1786 the decayed spire was sorted. So it staid the Great French revolution during which served the Reason cult, and then the Supreme Being. Without spire Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804 was crowned. This pearl of the Middle Ages which as the historian Jacques Le Goff spoke, did all this long historical way passed Getty through a set of transformations, having kept at the same time the huge public and symbolical importance, having remained for all the center of belief and feelings. "The cathedral seems eternal, however few what building went through so many changes on an extent through stories", - Le Goff writes in the book Heroes and miracles of the Middle Ages. Formation of cathedral as one of symbols of romanticism is in many respects connected with the novel Notre-Dame of Victor Hugo in which the writer does the temple by the main character, drawing attention to its depressive state and creates a legend. Getty After Hugo around cathedral was created a mystical image, strong communication with the genius of the French people. To the middle of the 19th century the public wants to restore original form of cathedral more and more, having returned a spire. Architects Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Lassu were responsible for reconstruction which began in 1844 and a quarter lasted a century

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