Date: 6 months ago   Category: Science

Chemists have studied the cheese, most ancient in the world, from the Egyptian tomb


Cheese age in 3300 years has remained in the form of white powder. Bearing in mind "a damnation of tombs", archeologists have asked chemists to establish, what is it. Archeologists have found in a tomb of the mayor of Memphis of times Ramesses II unusual clay pots in which chemists have found the most ancient at the moment cheese traces age in 3300 years. Their conclusions have been published in the Analytical Chemistry magazine, RIA Novosti reports on Friday, August 17. "We have found the most ancient "firm" traces of cheese on Earth. Despite the fact that, he hasn't been isolated from the environment, lay in the heated sand of the desert and was in the silnoshchelochny environment, typically "cheese" proteinaceous molecules could live up to now", - scientists have told. Eight years ago the Egyptian archeologists, have begun excavation in the territory of Sakkara, the most ancient necropolis of Ancient Egypt close to Cairo. In three years they have found a tomb of Ptakhmes, one of governors of Memphis at the time of Ramesses II and Network I. His tomb has been open and described by the British archeologists in 1885, however subsequently it has been filled up with sands and lost for science. In her scientists have found not only a large number of funeral artifacts, but also several partially broken clay pots filled with some strange white powdery substance. Bearing in mind "a mummy damnation", archeologists have asked for the help chemists, having asked them to understand what contained earlier in these pots which Ptakhmes planned to take away with himself in a travel to "fields of a cane". Having dissolved a part of this powder in water and having studied it under a microscope, Greco and his colleagues have found out that it contained a large number of sugars and about 90 kinds of partially decayed proteins. Their number included casein, albumine, lysozyme, каприн and many other chains of amino acids which are present at cow's, sheep or goat milk or at fermented milk products. The further analysis has shown that cheese has been made of cow's milk and "ferment" on the basis of a maw of a calf. What is interesting, at these remains of cheese there were not only animals, but also bacterial squirrels. They as scientists have found out, belonged to the pathogenic bacteria of Brucella melitensis causing a brucellosis, sharp fever both at cows and other animals, and at people. The Egyptian chronicles of times of the New Kingdom as archeologists note, comprise mentions of the outbreaks of a similar disease. Now scientists have unambiguous certificates that these episodes were caused by Brucella melitensis. Earlier it was reported that the tomb age 4,4 thousand years is found in Egypt. Archeologists consider that she belonged to the priestess Hetpet who was close to board of the fifth dynasty of Pharaohs. As it was reported, earlier in Egypt among garbage have found fragments of a huge statue of the Pharaoh Ramesses II. News from the Correspondent.netv of Telegram. Subscribe for our https://t.me/korrespondentnet channel

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